We’re about to oversimplify some very cool science
(we love science)
1. Weaken the Microbe Defenses
It interacts with the surface of the microbe causing its outer membrane to rupture.
This causes the cell to lose vital nutrients and water, drastically weakening the cell.
This rupturing happens due to the copper’s magnetic and electrical properties that basically “short circuit” the membrane causing it to weaken and break up.
2. Kill the Microbes
Now that the “wall is breached” (picture a castle being overwhelmed here) the copper ions (soldiers) overwhelm the cell. It obstructs the cells metabolism bringing the cells biochemical reactions needed to survive to a halt. The microbe can no longer function (breathe, eat, digest, etc.) and it dies.